Discussion in 'The Bar' started by Bro, Dec 11, 2012.

  1. Bro

    Bro AHOY! VIP Gold

    Sep 26, 2010
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    Hi Ron.
  2. tomtom

    tomtom Well-Known Member

    Sep 27, 2010
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    The difference between jelly and jam is that jelly is made strictly from the juice of fruit while jam is made from crushed fruit. Specifically, jelly is made by crushing fruit, then straining out everything but the juice. The juice is then boiled, typically with sugar and pectin added, the latter of which reacts with the sugar and heat to give the jelly a thicker consistency for spreading.
    The first step in making jam is about the same as jelly, but instead of straining the juice, the crushed fruit is left in; often with the seeds left in, if they are relatively small, such as with certain berries. Unlike most all jellies, jam may not contain pectin, as the mashed fruit will often give it sufficiently good consistency for spreading.
    If you are wondering how to tell the difference between jelly and jam on sight, the jelly will spread pretty evenly, while the jam will tend to be a little lumpy.
    Bonus Facts:
    While there is a difference between jelly and jam, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, jam and preserves are to be considered the same thing. However, generally speaking, people call a fruit spread a preserve if the fruit chunks are somewhat large and it is called a jam if the chunks are relatively small and well mashed. Thus, the FDA doesn’t consider the two different as they only differ in the relative amounts the fruit was mashed, which differs somewhat anyways from brand to brand.
    Fruit “butters” are generally just a variety of jelly. All the fruit is strained out to leave the juice. The juice is then heavily enriched with a variety of things, such as pectin, and then can be whipped or cooked down until it becomes extremely thick.
    Yet another name for certain fruit spreads is “conserves”. These are simply jam where several different varieties of fruit are mixed to make the jam. They also will occasionally include nuts mixed in.
    Pectin is an indigestible carbohydrate, and thus is a good source of fiber in your diet. When heated with sugar and water, it thickens into a gel. It is found naturally in the cell walls of most fruits.
    For whatever reason, jelly is significantly more popular with kids than jam and jam is significantly more popular with adults than jelly.
    Around one billion pounds of fruit spreads are produced annually in the United States alone.
    Nine flavors of jams and jellies account for over 80 percent of the total U.S. production, with about thirty additional flavors comprising the remaining 20%. The most popular is grape jelly, followed by strawberry jam.
    Annual retail sales of all fruit spreads comes in around $630 million per year.
    The average American person will eat around 1500 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches by the time they turn 18.
    Jams and jellies have about half the calories of butter or margarine and unlike butter and margarine, contain zero fat.
  3. Bro

    Bro AHOY! VIP Gold

    Sep 26, 2010
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    Text of measure

    The official ballot text read as follows:[3]

    PROPOSAL 12-2

    This proposal would:

    Grant public and private employees the constitutional right to organize and bargain collectively through labor unions.

    Invalidate existing or future state or local laws that limit the ability to join unions and bargain collectively, and to negotiate and enforce collective bargaining agreements, including employees’ financial support of their labor unions. Laws may be enacted to prohibit public employees from striking.

    Override state laws that regulate hours and conditions of employment to the extent that those laws conflict with collective bargaining agreements.

    Define “employer” as a person or entity employing one or more employees.

    Should this proposal be approved?
    YES __
    NO ____


    Primary support for the amendment came from a campaign coalition called Protect Our Jobs.[4]

    The following groups were reported as supporters of the Protect Our Jobs campaign.[4]

    Michigan UAW
    Michigan Education Association
    We Are The People – Michigan
    Michigan Nurses Association
    Lecturers’ Employee Organization
    Michigan branch of the American Federation of Teachers
    Michigan AFL-CIO
    Michigan State Utility Workers Council
    National Education Association
    Progress Michigan
    Michigan Democratic Party
    Michigan PTA
    Michigan Democratic Party


    Some key arguments listed by supporters were that the measure would:[6]

    Establish the people’s rights to organize to form, join or assist unions and to bargain collectively with public or private employers regarding wages, hours and other terms and conditions of employment.
    Prohibit employers from retaliating against their employees for exercising those rights and interfering with those rights in other ways.
    Protect current laws establishing minimum wages, hours and working conditions.

    Supporters also argued that the amendment was needed to prevent possible right-to-work legislation in the future. Such legislation would remove union membership from the condition of employment at a unionized job.[5]

    Campaign contributions

    In Michigan campaign finance information related to ballot measures is organized by ballot question committees. The following data was obtained from the state Campaign Finance Committee: