Lost for almost 1,600 years, the royal quarters of Cleopatra were discovered off the shores of Alexandria. Plunging into the waters off Alexandria, divers explored the submerged ruins of a palace and temple complex from which Cleopatra ruled, swimming over heaps of limestone blocks hammered into the sea by earthquakes and tsunamis more than 1,600 years ago. The international team is painstakingly excavating one of the richest underwater archaeological sites in the world and retrieving stunning artifacts from the last dynasty to rule over ancient Egypt before the Roman Empire annexed it in 30 B.C. Using advanced technology, the team is surveying ancient Alexandria's Royal Quarters, encased deep below the harbor sediment, and confirming the accuracy of descriptions of the city left by Greek geographers and historians more than 2,000 years ago. A sphinx made out of black granite. They face of the sphinx was made to represent Ptolemy XII, father of the famous Cleopatra. The sphinx probably laid in or on the grounds of the Royal Palace. A diver illuminating hieroglyphics of a palace door jamb. A glimpse from inside where Cleopatra's palace stood, where you can see the marble head of Roman princess Antonia Minor. A statue of the Goddess Isis that stood on the royal grounds. Colossus of a Ptolemaic king and queen. These statues stood watch in a temple where archaeologists believe Cleopatra was crowned. This papyrus document, prepared by a court scribe, grants tax exemption from sales of imported wine to the Roman businessman Publius Canidius, a friend of Mark Antony. At the bottom of the document, in a rare example of her handwriting, Cleopatra herself added the Greek word “ginesthoi,” meaning “make it happen.” Retrieved jewelry from the area. Upper class jewelry that Cleopatra would have worn. An excavated Greek helmet in the style used during Cleopatra's time. A palace or royal grounds guard?