News Dogs vs. cats....Confirmation of what we already know

Discussion in 'The Howard Stern Show' started by Shithead, Jan 30, 2016.

  1. Shithead

    Shithead Well-Known Member

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    Proof your cat loves you FIVE times less than your dog: We know moggies are more aloof - but new scientific tests reveal the differences are greater than we think




    Are you a dog or cat person? Does a dog’s eager friendliness make him superior to an elegantly aloof feline, or vice versa? It’s a debate that has divided animal lovers for generations.
    Now a new BBC documentary is seeking to resolve the question by discovering definitively which species has the edge: Britain’s eight million cats, or its nine million canines.
    In Cats Vs Dogs, animal experts Chris Packham and Liz Bonnin team up with scientists and vets to put our two favourite pets to the test in a host of different categories.
    Think you know which one will win? Don’t bet on it. Here are some of the findings . . .
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    A a new BBC documentary is seeking to resolve the question by discovering definitively which species has the edge - cats or dogs
    DOGGED DEVOTION
    Dogs: Almost everything dogs do, from excitedly greeting their owner at the door to lying loyally at their feet, seems to be indisputable evidence of their love.
    Cats, on the other hand, are more inscrutable and independent. They decide when their owners are granted a stroke or cuddle. Most owners, however, are convinced their puss loves them but just isn’t as demonstrative as a dog.
    But are they right? Scientists have already discovered that dogs do seem to love their owners — studies have found that both produce the ‘love hormone’ oxytocin when together. It’s the same hormone that pregnant women release during birth and breastfeeding to help them bond with their baby.
    But cats have never been tested for this. So the show asked U.S. neuroscientist Dr Paul Zak to test both types of animal to solve the eternal question.
    ‘We have pretty good evidence that dogs actually love their humans,’ he says. ‘A couple of small-scale studies have shown that when owners interact with their dogs, the human and their dog appear to release oxytocin.

    ‘It’s one of the chemical measures of love in mammals. Humans produce the hormone in our brains when we care about someone. For example, when we see our spouse or child the levels in our bloodstream typically rise by 40-60 per cent.’
    Cats: For the new experiment, ten dogs and ten cats had saliva samples taken before playing with their owners for ten minutes. Afterwards, another saliva sample was taken and tested for the presence of oxytocin.
    The results were astonishing: dogs showed an average increase in the hormone of 57.2 per cent, but cats just 12 per cent.
    ‘From this sample it’s true to say that these dogs love their owners five times more than the cats do,’ says Dr Zak.
    ‘I was really surprised to discover that dogs produced such high levels of oxytocin.
    ‘It was also a nice surprise to discover that cats produce any at all. At least some of the time, cats seem to bond with their owners.
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    Scientists have found that dogs really do love their owners, and release the love hormone when they see them - but cats barely release any at all, which explains the indifference
    ‘But the dog level of 57.2 per cent is a very powerful response. It shows these dogs really care about their owners. One dog — a sweet little lapdog — peaked at 500 per cent. It was totally in love with its owner.
    ‘When it comes to how much dogs love us, there doesn’t seem to be any difference between breeds or sexes. But you can definitely strengthen that loving bond by petting and talking to your pet, particularly when he’s a puppy. And dogs definitely have favourites within the family. I am confident my own dog produces more oxytocin when I play with her than when anyone else does.’
    So it’s conclusive — people’s cats do love them. They just don’t love them nearly as much as a dog does.
    TEACHING A TABBY
    They round up sheep, fetch our slippers; even guide the blind. Their capabilities seem almost limitless. But then again, dogs have been practising for millennia.
    As long as 35,000 years ago, humans first spotted how good wolves were at hunting and began to domesticate them so they could harness their abilities.
    Since then, they’ve evolved into the domesticated dogs we keep as pets — and we’ve bred only the most trainable, so the species is dedicated to obeying our every word. By contrast, cats became domesticated 10,000 years ago and have never been bred to be trained.
    But cat expert Dr Sarah Ellis believes it is possible — she’s taught her cat Cosmo to ring a bell to come into the house, and to change TV channels.
    It was done in small steps — first rewarding Cosmo with a treat for sniffing the remote, then for touching it, and finally for achieving the task.
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    Cats can be trained, but dogs are still better learners, because they want to please their owners
    ‘Cats can be trained to do anything they’re physically capable of,’ says Sarah. All they need is those incremental rewards until the goal is reached.
    Dogs, however, remain superior learners. But why are they so trainable?
    At the Family Dog Laboratory in Budapest, Hungary, they are performing groundbreaking research on canine brains to find answers.
    There, dogs have been trained to lie completely still — not even wagging their tail — for the eight minutes it takes to complete a brain scan (if they move by so much as 3mm, it would ruin the experiment).
    While inside the scanner, they listen to recordings of their owners praising them. Scientists discovered that, on hearing phrases like ‘good boy’, the reward regions in the brain that signal something pleasurable has just happened are activated.
    It’s the same area that responds to food, drink and sex, proving that dogs find verbal praise as good as a mouth-watering treat.
    ‘These results are hugely significant because they reveal that dogs get pleasure from our praise,’ says Chris Packham. ‘So in turn, they’re motivated to please us and it’s that which makes them so eminently trainable.’ As cats were ‘only’ domesticated 10,000 years ago and have never been expected to obey our commands, it’s not surprising they lag behind in the training stakes.
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    It is thought dogs ought to be twice as clever because they have double the number of neuron cells
    WHO’S A CLEVER BOY?
    So which species is more intelligent — cats or dogs?
    It’s long been thought that canines might be able to count because they were once pack-dwelling animals that would need to know if another pack they came across was bigger than theirs to avoid conflict.
    So the Clever Dog Laboratory in Vienna — yes, it really exists — devised an experiment to find out. They flashed up two images in front of a dog — one showed many black dots on a white background, the other just one or two dots. Every time the dog touched the screen showing many, he got a food treat. One husky called Luna scored an impressive nine out of 12.
    But when the test became more complicated with more dots in each image, more densely packed (though one always had less), she struggled. Luna got just six out of ten correct.
    ‘They can discriminate between different quantities,’ says the lab’s Dr Friederike Range, ‘but it’s nothing to do with counting.’
    Similar, although less high-tech, tests were performed with cats at the Animal Behaviour Clinic in Lincoln. A cat was taught the difference between one and four black shapes placed on a whiteboard and was rewarded every time she picked the bigger number. She got it right four out of five times.
    When it was changed to three and six shapes, she picked correctly two out of three times then wandered off, refusing to return.
    ‘I wouldn’t be surprised if cats had some concept of counting, but when’s a cat going to need to count up to ten?’ says the centre’s Professor Daniel Mills.
    Further research conducted by consultant vet Dick White found that, comparatively, dogs’ brains were 20 per cent larger than cats’.
    But the number of neuron cells in the brain is thought to be a better indicator of intelligence than sheer size. Dogs are thought to have 600 million cortical neurons, compared with 300 million in cats.
    ‘It suggests they ought to be twice as intelligent as the cat,’ says Professor White.
     
  2. Shithead

    Shithead Well-Known Member

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    The cat is the clear winner when it comes to jumping, managing 50in compared to the dogs 44in
    HIGH ACHIEVERS
    Taking a similar-sized dog and cat, Matthew Pead, of the Royal Veterinary College, sought to discover which species can jump the highest.
    The cat was a clear winner — soaring 50in (127cm) into the air while the dog only managed 44in (112cm). The highest cat jump ever recorded is 77in (196cm). ‘The dog is probably performing at the limit of what he can do,’ says Dr Pead, ‘whereas I think the cat’s taking it easy.’
    Given that both jump with the same technique, why is the cat so much better?
    ‘The cat’s got an incredibly long reach,’ explains Dr Pead. ‘They have relatively long bones in relation to their size — that gives them long levers, and long levers with long muscles means that you can generate a lot of force (to jump up with).’
    Cat bones are also much lighter than dogs’ because they contain larger cavities. Their spines are more supple, increasing their ability to crouch then explode into a jump.
    ‘The cat can pretty much push itself straight up in the air like a rocket,’ says Dr Pead.
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    Whereas a dog seems confused when finding his way in the dark, the cat walked through as if in broad daylight
    SIGHT FIGHT
    Cats are known for their great night-time vision — after all, they’re predators hunting mainly nocturnal creatures. But how do dogs measure up?
    Rick Sanchez, of the Royal Veterinary College, devised a maze for both species to negotiate in pitch darkness. They were let in at one end and only had their owner’s voice to guide them to the exit.
    Whereas the dog seemed confused and often retraced his steps, the cat wandered through as if in broad daylight, taking just eight seconds compared with her canine rival’s 43 seconds.
    So what’s the cat’s secret? While both creatures have reflective layers in the back of the eye called the tapetum, the cat has about 20 layers compared with the dog’s ten.
    ‘And it’s oriented in such a way that it reflects light a lot more efficiently than a dog,’ says Mr Sanchez. ‘The more light you’re able to reflect, the better you can see at night.’
    Despite the dogs’ inferior night vision, it’s still five times better than a human’s.
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    A cat’s epithelium is much smaller than their canine counterpart’s, so dogs can smell better
    THE SNIFF TEST
    From their capacity to sniff out drugs, pick up trails and even scent disease, dogs’ extraordinary sense of smell is well known.
    But how does it compare with that of cats? Pieter Nelissen, a specialist in small animal surgery, reveals that a canine’s olfactory epithelium (the rolled up scrolls of tissue in their noses) measures about 90sq cm — 30 times bigger than a human’s.
    A cat’s epithelium is also larger than their owner’s at 20sq cm, but still much smaller than their canine counterpart’s. It also has fewer smell receptors — 60 million compared with 150 million, so overall dogs have the much better sense of smell.
    But cats have one advantage over dogs in the smell challenge: the vomeronasal organ in their heads which picks up on chemical messages, or pheromones, from other felines is much more powerful and sophisticated than that of dogs.
    So cats have the advantage in detecting where other felines are, and deciding whether to stay away or interact with them.
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    Dogs’ hearing is two or three times better than a human’s, cats win hands down
    LISTEN UP
    Any owner will tell you their pet has selective hearing — ignoring you when you order them to stop doing something they like but coming running at the merest hint of food. But which one has the best?
    While dogs’ hearing is two or three times better than a human’s, cats win hands down. An experiment by vet Dick White found that while both animals can hear a noise at 50 kilohertz — 10kHz is within human hearing — a cat responds to noises at 60kHz.
    That’s because it has a very erect and mobile outer ear. He says: ‘It acts like a radar dish to collect the sound waves and directs them down to the tympanic membrane (eardrum).’
    The cat’s middle ear chamber is also relatively larger than a dog’s which is why it’s thought to be able to hear a wider range of frequencies. But in the wild it needs to — the small animals moggies prey on tend to make high-pitched noises which helps the cat locate their dinner.
    Dogs simply need to pester their owners for food.
     
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  3. Phil McKrakin

    Phil McKrakin AKA Howie POTY The Bar VIP

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    Shut up.
     
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  4. Turtle Man

    Turtle Man Hello Darling Gold

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    Cat person^ :bounce:
     
  5. thegroovologist

    thegroovologist Well-Known Member

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  6. thegroovologist

    thegroovologist Well-Known Member

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  7. Mack

    Mack Well-Known Member

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    .







    <----------<< dog guy
     
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  8. chrisfromvegas

    chrisfromvegas HOOLIGAN VIP

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    The only 4 legged pet that can sleep with me purrs,
    The dog isn't allowed in the room.
     
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  9. YodaQuiversStern

    YodaQuiversStern Turn and face the strange

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    If you want to wipe out the bird population, then cats win.
     
  10. isabella

    isabella VIP Extreme Gold

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    i love both, i've had both but i have to admit it's easier to bond with my dog. i have a more intense love for him because he needs me. In my house, my husband seems to love the cat more....he finds the dog a bit annoying at times especially when he goes crazy barking at imaginary things at night or squirrels during the day.
     
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  11. The Booey

    The Booey Well-Known Member

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    Dogs rule, cats drool

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  12. chrisfromvegas

    chrisfromvegas HOOLIGAN VIP

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    I work nights and just got home.
    The cat is bugging me to lay down.

    I love em' all but am closer to the cat.
     
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  13. AxlCorey

    AxlCorey Well-Known Member

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    What do big cats do (tigers, lions, cougars)? Eat people. What do big dogs do (st.bernards, great danes, etc)? Lick your face, slobber on you...the same shit little dogs do. Cats are evil predators.

    I know, I know....there are exceptions to every rule.
     
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  14. Nibbler

    Nibbler heaven is in your mind Gold

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  15. thegroovologist

    thegroovologist Well-Known Member

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  16. Sickboy

    Sickboy Latverian Monarch

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  17. Shortwave98

    Shortwave98 A-Number 1 Banned User

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    I thought you were a conservative who thinks studies like this are a waste of tax payer money.
     
  18. GloriaGrace

    GloriaGrace Well-Known Member

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    Blah, blah, dogs are better... Dogs frigging smell terrible and they're so labor intensive. You can't go out or away for too long at a time because the dog will shit and/or piss all over your house. Dogs are more likely than cats to ruin your stuff and home. They're so needy and always in your face because they're sycophants. No thanks.
     
  19. bossofbam

    bossofbam Well-Known Member

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    There's nothing more annoying then friends who can never be out too late because they have to go home and feed the dog. I can go on vacation for a week, leave the cat with two litter boxes and enough food and he's perfectly fine when I get back. No worrying about sticking him in a kennel or having friends watch him. I get why some people like dogs but to me they're just smelly pains in the ass.

    [​IMG]
     
  20. Quality Control

    Quality Control dove Gold

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    I'm a dog person, but this gives me life. What kind of "Regulators! Mount Up!" realness, tbh?
     
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