http://www.usnews.com/news/articles...-parents-may-make-you-a-narcissist?src=usn_fb A new study links narcissism and self-esteem to parents' treatment of their children. Think you’re God’s gift to man? Take a hard look at your parents. A new study from the Netherlands finds that being overvalued as a child by one’s parents – told you’re more special, for example – may lead to the development of narcissism. “Children seem to acquire narcissism, in part, by internalizing parents’ inflated views of them,” the study said, such as “‘I am superior to others’ and ‘I am entitled to privileges.’” The results apparently undercut a previous theory that suggested narcissism emerges from lack of parental warmth. The amount of emotional warmth, however, did predict children’s levels of self-esteem. “These findings are consistent with the view that children come to see themselves as they believe to be seen by others, as if they learn to see themselves through others’ eyes,” the study said. The difference between narcissism and self-esteem, the study authors said, quoting a 1998 study, is “high self-esteem means thinking well of oneself, whereas narcissism involves passionately wanting to think well of oneself.” Researchers from the University of Amsterdam surveyed 565 children ages 7 to 11 — a critical period of childhood development during which narcissistic traits begin to emerge — as well as their parents, 415 mothers and 290 fathers. The children answered questions assessing narcissism (such as “kids like me deserve something extra”), self-esteem (“kids like me are happy with themselves as a person”) and their parents’ emotional warmth (“my father/mother lets me know he/she loves me”). Parents also responded to questionnaires determining both what the study called “parental overvaluation” (“my child is more special than other children”) and emotional warmth (“I let my child know I love him/her”). The apparent association between parents’ having an inflated view of their children, and those children then becoming narcissists, was ultimately “modest in size,” the researchers acknowledged, yet it still went “above and beyond” any influence from “parents’ own narcissism levels.” Still, deciding how to cope with those insufferable coworkers or friends or significant others or frenemies once they reach adulthood — that may take a whole other study. The study, funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, was published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.