http://news.nationalpost.com/news/s...n-1000-people-killed-by-cops-in-u-s-this-year Scots teaching Americans the art of gun-free policing after more than 1,000 people killed by cops in U.S. this year More from The Telegraph Spencer Platt/Getty ImagesNew York police officers with high powered rifles patrol in Times Square on December 7, 2015 following a series of mass shootings in the U.S. and the terrorist attacks in Paris last month. Police in America have turned to Scotland for guidance on how to do their jobs without reaching for a gun. Nearly all police officers in the United States – from small town deputies to big city detectives – are armed. This year more than 1,000 people, many of them unarmed, and often black men, have been shot dead by police. The troubling statistic has prompted a trip to Scotland, where 98 per cent of police officers go about their work without a gun. Police chiefs from New York, Boston, Houston and other cities have gathered at Scotland’s police training academy at Tulliallan, 25 miles north-east of Glasgow. Bernard Higgins, Assistant Chief Constable of Police Scotland, outlined the Scottish approach to policing. The New York Times reported that he told them: “The basic fundamental principle, even in the areas where there’s high levels of crime, high levels of social deprivation, is it’s community-based policing by unarmed officers.” That means, he explained, being willing to retreat from a confrontation with a suspect to defuse the situation. While the Scottish approach may be foreign to America’s top cops, the results are compelling. It has been more than two decades since an officer has been killed by a violent suspect, and it is incredibly rare for an officer to kill a suspect.